HIKMAH DIBALIK PERGANTIAN TAHUN

Oleh : ARIF WAHYUDI (Penyuluh Agama Islam Rejotangan)

Tahun baru Islam merupakan suatu hari yang penting bagi umat Islam, karena menandai peristiwa yang terjadi dalam sejarah Islam, yaitu memperingati penghijrahan Nabi Muhammad SAW. Pedristiwa tersebut terjadi pada 1 Muharram tahun baru bagi kalender Hijriyah.Hari demi hari berlalu. Begitu pula minggu, bulan, dan tahun. Kita, sebagai individu maupun sebagai anggota masyarakat, dalam hari-hari yang berlalu itu senantiasa mengisi lembaran-lembaran, diari buku harian, catatan kontemplasi yang setiap tahunnya kita tutup untuk kemudian membuka lagi dengan lembaran baru pada tahun berikutnya.Lembaran-lembaran itu adalah sejarah hidup kita dan itulah kelak yang akan disodorkan kepada kita.Untuk dibaca dan dipertanggungjawabkan dihadapan Allah SWT pada hari kemudian nanti.

Bacalah lembaran kitabmu cukuplah engkau sendiri hari ini yang melakukan perhitungan atas dirimu  (QS17:14) Engkau kan melihat setiap umat  berlutut, setiap umat diajak untuk membca kitab amalan (sejarahnya) (QS. 45:28). Al Qur`an adalah buku pertama yang menegaskan bahwa bukan hanya individu, tetapi juga bangsa dan masyarakat, mempunyai hukum-hukum dan prinsip yang mengrahkan dan menentukan keruntuhan dan kebangkitannya.Masyarakat terdiri dari individu-individu, dan manusia sebagai individu dan manusia sebagai kelompok masyarakat  bertanggung jawab atas dirinya dan atas masyarakatnya. Dari sinilah lahir apa yang dikenal dalam istilah hukum islam sebagai fardhu `ain dan fardhu kifayah. Tuhan tidak mengubah keadaan suatu masyarakat, sebelum mereka mengubah  (terlebih dahulu) sikap mental mereka (QS.13:11). Begitu bunyi sebuah ayat yang menafikan secara tegas ketentuan ekonomi sejarah dan secara tegas pula meempatkan sikap terdalam manusia sebagai factor penentu kelahiransejarah. Dari sisni dapat difahami, bahwa mengapa para nabi memulai langkah mereka dengan menanamkan kesadaran terdalam itu dalam jiwa umat. Dari mana anda datang? Kemana anda menuju? “Semua dari Allah dan akan kembali kepada Nya” dan akhirnya dari segala siklus adalah kembalinya ke permulaan, demikianpara sufi dan filosof muslim merumuskan.

Itulah kesadaran pertama yang ditanamkan pada manusia. Kemudian kesdaran kedua, yaitu kesadaran akan kemanusiaan manusia serta kehormatannya.Dan kesdaran ketiga, yaitu kesadaran akan tanggung jawab social.

’’Mengapa kalian tidak berjuang dijalan Allah, sedangkan kaum lemah tertindas, baik lelaki, wanita., maupun  anak-anak bermohon agar merekadikaruniai penolong dan pelindung dari sisi Allah” demikianpesan Al Qur`an surah an Nisaa` ayat 75.Ayat diatas mengandung dua nilai keruhanian, yakni keniscayaan berjuan dijalan Allah dan tanggung jawab melindungi kaum lemah . Perjuangan yang dilakukan karena Allah dan yang digerakkan oleh nilai-nilai suci itulah yang memajukan umat manusia dan peradabannya sekaligus mengukir sejarahnya.Dan dalam hal ini al Qur`an juga menegaskan : Mereka aitulah yang akan menerima lembaran sejarah hidupnya dengan tangan kanannya.

Wallahu `alam bisshowab.

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